Study

Itraconazole and miconazole, but not trimethoprimsulfadiazine cured frogs of chytrid infection.

Actions

This study is summarised as evidence for the following.

Action Category

Use antibacterial treatment to reduce chytridiomycosis infection

Action Link
Amphibian Conservation

Use antifungal treatment to reduce chytridiomycosis infection

Action Link
Amphibian Conservation
  1. Use antibacterial treatment to reduce chytridiomycosis infection

    A replicated, controlled study in a laboratory (Nichols & Lamirande 2001) found that treatment of blue-and-yellow poison dart frogs Dendrobates tinctorius with trimethoprim-sulfadiazine survived longer but were not cured of the chytrid infection. Frogs treated with trimethoprim-sulfadiazine survived longer than untreated frogs. Juveniles were experimentally infected with the chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. Once excessive skin shedding had started, frogs were treated with trimethoprim-sulfadiazine (0.1% solution). Frogs were immersed in the treatment for five minutes each day for 11 consecutive days. Controls were untreated. Frogs were then killed humanely and examined.

     

  2. Use antifungal treatment to reduce chytridiomycosis infection

    A replicated, controlled study in a laboratory (Nichols & Lamirande 2001) found that experimentally infected blue-and-yellow poison dart frogs Dendrobates tinctorius treated with miconazole or itraconazole were cured of chytridiomycosis. However, frogs were intolerant to miconazole (possibly due to ethyl alcohol in the solution). Juveniles were experimentally infected with the chytrid fungus. Once excessive skin shedding had started, frogs were treated with miconazole (0.01% solution) or itraconazole (0.1% suspension). Frogs were bathed in the treatments daily for five minutes for eight or 11 days respectively. Controls were untreated. Frogs were then killed humanely and examined.

     

Output references
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