Individual study: Restoring heathland by conifer plantation removal at The Lodge RSPB Reserve, Bedfordshire, England
Wilton-Jones G. & Ausden M. (2005) Restoring heathland by conifer plantation removal at The Lodge RSPB Reserve, Bedfordshire, England. Conservation Evidence, 2, 70-71
In order to restore heathland, Douglas fir Pseudotsuga menziesii and Scots pine Pinus sylvestris was removed, and thereafter three treatments were applied: i) no soil removal or seed addition, ii) seeding with heather Calluna vulgaris, iii) removal of humic layer and seeded with heather. There was little or no heather establishment in untreated areas; heather establishment and growth was good in one seeded area (15% cover) but not the other; where humus had been removed and seed added the area was dominated by common bent grass Agrostis capillaris (50% cover), Campylopus introflexus (20%) and juniper hair-moss Polytrichum juniperinum (13%); very little heather (<1% cover) had established.