Additional Published Outputs

Introduction

Our priority has been to collate the evidence and to produce What Works in Conservation and our synopses, rather than to write papers. However, listed below are scientific publications (journal articles, reports, etc) and popular articles which we have produced using the information collated or as part of the Conservation Evidence project. 

Following after this list are a selection of articles which cite our work, or which have been written about Conservation Evidence by other people/organisations.

Scientific publications

2020

Altringham, J.D.,  Berthinussen, A. & Wordley, C.F.R. (2020) Generating, collating and using evidence for conservation. In: Sutherland, W.J., Brotherton, P.N.M., Davies, Z.G., Ockendon, N., Pettorelli N., & Vickery, J.A. (Eds.) Conservation Research, Policy and Practice. Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108638210

Christie, A.P., Abecasis, D., Adjeroud, M., Alonso, J.C., Amano, T. et. al. (In press) Quantifying and addressing the prevalence and bias of study designs in the environmental and social sciences. Nature Communications.

Christie, A.P., Amano, T., Martin, P.A., Petrovan, S.O., Shackelford, G.E., Simmons, B.I., Smith, R.K., Williams, D.R., Wordley, C.F.R. & Sutherland, W.J. (2020) The challenge of biased evidence in conservation. Conservation Biology  0: 1-13.  https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13577 Early view.

Christie, A.P., Amano, T., Martin, P.A., Petrovan, S.O., Shackelford, G.E., Simmons, B.I., Smith, R.K., Williams, D.R., Wordley, C.F.R. & Sutherland, W.J. (2020). Poor availability of context-specific evidence hampers decision-making in conservation. Biological Conservation 248: 108666.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108666

Junker, J., Petrovan, S.O., Arroyo-Rodríguez, V., Boonratana, R., Byler, D., Chapman, C.A.,  Chetry, D., Cheyne, S.M., Cornejo, F.M., Cortés-Ortiz, L., Cowlishaw, G., Christie, A.P.,  Crockford, C., De La Torre, S., De Melo, F.R., Fan, P., Grueter, C.C., Guzmán-Caro, D.C., Heymann, E.W., Herbinger, I., Hoang, M.D., Horwich, R.H., Humle, T., Ikemeh, R.A., Imong, I.S., Jerusalinsky, L., Johnson, S.E., Kappeler, P.M., Kierulff, M.C.M., Koné, I., Kormos, R., Le, K.Q., Li, B., Marshall, A.J., Meijaard, E., Mittermeier, R.A., Muroyama, Y., Neugebauer, E., Orth, L., Palacios, E., Papworth, S.K., Plumptre, A.J., Rawson, B.M., Refisch, J., Ratsimbazafy, J., Roos, C., Setchell, J.M., Smith, R.K., Sop, T., Schwitzer, C., Slater, K., Strum, S.C., Sutherland, W.J., Talebi, M., Wallis, J., Wich, S., Williamson, E.A., Wittig, R.M., Kühl, H.S. (2020) A severe lack of evidence limits effective conservation of the world's primates. BioScience 70: 794-803.   https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biaa082

Martin, P.A., Shackelford, G.E., Bullock, J.M., Gallardo, B., Aldridge, D.C. & Sutherland, W.J. (2020) Management of UK priority invasive alien plants: a systematic review protocol. Environmental Evidence 9: 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13750-020-0186-y

Pettorelli, N., Brotherton, P.N.M., Davies, Z., Ockendon, N, Sutherland, W.J. & Vickery, J.A. (2020) Successfully translating conservation research into practice and policy: concluding thoughts. In: Sutherland, W.J., Brotherton, P.N.M., Davies, Z.G., Ockendon, N., Pettorelli N., & Vickery, J.A. (Eds.) Conservation Research, Policy and Practice. Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108638210

Shackelford, G.E., Kemp, L., Rhodes, C., Sundaram, L., ÓhÉigeartaigh, S.S., Beard, S., Belfield, H., Weitzdörfer, J., Avin, S., Sørebø, D., Jones, E.M., Hume, J.B., Price, D., Pyle, D., Hurt, D., Stone, T., Watkins, H., Collas, L., Cade, B.C., Johnson, T.F., Freitas-Groff, Z., Denkenberger, D., Levot, M. & Sutherland, W.J. (2020) Accumulating evidence using crowdsourcing and machine learning: a living bibliography about existential risk and global catastrophic risk. Futures 116: 102508. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.futures.2019.102508

Shackelford, G.E., Martin, P.A., Hood, A.S.C., Christie, A.P., Kulinskaya, E. & Sutherland, W.J. (2020) Dynamic meta-analysis: a method of using global evidence for local decision making. bioRxivhttps://doi.org/10.1101/2020.05.18.078840

Sutherland, W.J. (2020) Conservation science – the need for a new paradigm founded on robust field evidence. In: Burt, T. & Thompson, D. (Eds.) Curious about Nature: A Passion for Fieldwork. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK. https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108552172.047

Sutherland, W.J., Alvarez-Castañeda, S.T., Amano, T., Ambrosini, R., Atkinson, P., Baxter, J.M., Bond, A.L., Boon, P.J., Buchanan, K.L., Barlow, J., Bogliani, G., Bragg, O.M., Burgman, M., Cadotte, M.W., Calver, M., Cooke, S.J., Corlett, R.T., Devictor, V., Ewen, J.G., Fisher, M., Freeman, G., Game, E., Godley, B.J., Gortázar, C., Hartley, I.R., Hawksworth, D.L., Hobson, K.A., Lu, M.-L., Martín-López, B., Ma, K., Machado, A., Maes, D., Mangiacotti, M., McCafferty, D.J., Melfi, V., Molur, S., Moore, A.J., Murphy, S.D., Norris, D., van Oudenhoven, A.P.E., Powers, J., Rees, E.C., Schwartz, M.W., Storch, I. & Wordley, C. (2020) Ensuring tests of conservation interventions build on existing literature. Conservation Biology 34(4): 781-783.   https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13555

Sutherland, W.J., Brotherton, P.N.M., Davies, Z.G., Ockendon, N., Pettorelli N., & Vickery, J.A. (2020) Conservation Research, Policy and Practice. Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108638210

Sutherland, W.J., Brotherton, P.N.M., Davies, Z.G., Ockendon, N., Pettorelli N., & Vickery, J.A. (2020) Making a difference in conservation: linking science and practice. In: Sutherland, W.J., Brotherton, P.N.M., Davies, Z.G., Ockendon, N., Pettorelli N., & Vickery, J.A. (Eds.) Conservation Research, Policy and Practice. Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108638210

2019

Bolam, F.C., Grainger, M.J., Mengersen, K.L., Stewart, G.B., Sutherland, W.J., Runge, M.C. & McGowan, P.J.K. (2019) Using the value of information to improve conservation decision making. Biological Reviews 94: 629-647. https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12471

Christie, A., Amano, T., Martin, P., Simmons, B., Shackelford, G. & Sutherland, W.J. (2019) Simple study designs in ecology produce inaccurate estimates of biodiversity responses. Journal of Applied Ecology 56: 2742-2754. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.13499

Dicks, L.V., Rose, D.C., Ang, F., Aston, S., Birch, N., Boatman, N., Bowles, L., Chadwick, D., Dinsdale, A., Durham, S., Elliott, J., Firbank, L., Humphreys, S., Jarvis, P., Jones, D., Kindred, D., Knight, S., Lee, M.R.F., Leifert, C., Lobley, M., Matthews, K., Midmer, A., Moore, M., Morris, C., Mortimer, S., Murray, C., Norman, K., Ramsden, S., Roberts, D., Smith, L., Soffe, R., Stoate, C., Taylor, B., Tinker, D., Topliff, M., Wallace, J., Williams, P., Wilson, P., Winter, M. & Sutherland, W.J. (2019) What agricultural practices are most likely to deliver ‘sustainable intensification’ in the UK? Food and Energy Security 8(1): e0014.   https://doi.org/10.1002/fes3.148

Rose, D.C., Amano, T., González-Varo, J.P., Mukherjee, N., Robertson, R.J., Simmons, B., Wauchope, H.S. & Sutherland, W.J. (2019) Calling for a new agenda for conservation science to create evidence-informed policy. Biological Conservation 238: 108222.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.108222

Salafsky, N., Boshoven, J., Burivalova, Z., Dubois, N.S., Gomez, A., Johnson, A., Lee, A., Margoluis, R., Morrison, J., Muir, M., Pratt, S.C., Pullin. A.P., Salzer, D., Stewart, A., Sutherland, W.J. & Wordley, C.F.R. (2019) Defining and using evidence in conservation practice. Conservation Science and Practice 1(5): e27, 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1111/csp2.27

Shackelford, G., Kelsey, R., Sutherland, W.J., Kennedy, C., Wood, S., Gennet, S., Karp, D., Kremen, C., Seavy, N., Jedlicka, J., Gravuer, K.,Kross, S., Bossio, D., Muñoz-Sáez, A., LaHue, D., Garbach, K., Ford, L., Felice, M., Reynolds, M., Rao, D., Boomer, K., LeBuhn G., & Dicks, L. (2019) Evidence synthesis as the basis for decision analysis: a method of selecting the best agricultural practices for multiple ecosystem services. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems 3: Article 83. https://doi.org/10.3389/fsufs.2019.00083

Sutherland, W.J., Taylor, N.G., MacFarlane, D., Amano, T., Christie, A.P., Dicks, L.V., Lemasson, A.J., Littlewood, N.A., Martin, P.A., Ockendon, N., Petrovan, S.O., Robertson, R.J., Rocha, R., Shackelford, G.E., Smith, R.K., Tyler, E.H.M., & Wordley, C.F.R. (2019) Building a tool to overcome barriers in the research-implementation space: the Conservation Evidence database. Biological Conservation 238: 108199.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.108199

Tallis, H., Kreis, K., Olander, L., Ringler, C., Ameyaw, D., Borsuk, M.E., Fletschner, D., Game, E., Gilligan, D.O., Jeuland, M., Sutherland, W.J., et al. (2019) Aligning evidence generation and use across health, development, and environment. Current Opinion on Environmental Sustainability 39: 81-93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2019.09.004

Taylor, N.G., Grillas, P., Fennessy, M.S., Goodyer, E., Graham, L.L.B., Karofeld, E., Lindsay, R.A., Locky, D.A., Ockendon, N., Rial, A., Ross, S., Smith, R.K., van Diggelen, R., Whinam, J. & Sutherland, W.J. (2019) A synthesis of evidence for the effects of interventions to conserve peatland vegetation: overview and critical discussion. Mires and Peat 24: Article 18, 1-21. http://mires-and-peat.net/pages/volumes/map24/map2418.php

Walsh, J.C., Dicks, L.V., Raymond, C.M. & Sutherland, W.J (2019) A typology of barriers and enablers of scientific evidence use in conservation practice. Journal of Environmental Management 250: 109481. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.109481

2018

Game, E.T., Tallis, H., Olander, L., Alexandere, S.M., Busch, J.Cartwright, N., Kalies, E.L., Masuda, Y.J., Mupepele, A-C., Jiangxiao Qiu, J., Rooney, A., Sills, E., & Sutherland. W.J. (2018) Cross-discipline evidence principles for social-environmental sustainability. Nature Sustainability 1: 452–454. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-018-0141-x

Iacona, G.D., Sutherland, W.J., Mappin, B., Adams, V., Armsworth, P.R., Coleshaw, T., Cook, C., Craigie, I., Dicks, L., Fitzsimons, J.A., McGowan, J., Plumptre, A., Polak, T., Pullin, A., Ringma, J., Rushworth, I., Santangeli, A., Stewart, A., Tulloch. A., Walsh, J. & Possingham, H.P. (2018) Standardized reporting on the costs of management interventions for biodiversity conservation. Conservation Biology: 32: 979–988. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13195

Petrovan, S.O., Junker, J., Wordley, C.F.R., Kühl, H.S., Orth, L., Smith, R.K. & Sutherland, W.J. (2018) Evidence-based synopsis of interventions, a new tool in primate conservation and research. International Journal of Primatology 39: 1-4. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10764-018-0017-y

Rose, D.C., Sutherland, W.J., Amano, T., González‐Varo, J.P., Robertson, R.J., Simmons, B.I., Wauchope, H.S., Kovacs, E., Durán, A.P., Vadrot, A.B., Wu, W., Dias, M.P., Di Fonzo, M.M., Ivory, S., Norris, L., Nunes, M.H., Nyumba, T.O., Steiner, N., Vickery, J. & Mukherjee, N. (2018) The major barriers to evidence‐informed conservation policy and possible solutions. Conservation Letters 11: e12564. https://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12564

Shackelford, G.E., Haddaway, M.R., Usieta, H.O., Pypers, P., Petrovan, S.O. & Sutherland, W.J. (2018) Cassava farming practices and their agricultural and environmental outcomes: a systematic map protocol. Environmental Evidence 7: 30. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13750-018-0142-2

Sutherland W.J. & Wordley C.F.R. (2018) A fresh approach to evidence synthesis. Nature 558: 364-366. https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-018-05472-8

2017

Cook, C.N., Pullin, A.S., Sutherland, W.J., Stewart, G.B. & Carrasco, R. (2017) Considering cost alongside the effectiveness of management in evidence-based conservation: A systematic reporting protocol. Biological Conservation 209: 508–516. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2017.03.022

Sutherland W.J. & Wordley C.F. (2017) Evidence complacency hampers conservation. Nature Ecology & Evolution 1(9): 1215-1216. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-017-0244-1

2016

Amano, T., González-Varo, J.P. & Sutherland, W.J. (2016) Languages are still a major barrier to global science. PLOS Biology 14(12): e2000933. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.2000933

Amano, T., Lamming, J.D.L. & Sutherland, W.J. (2016) Spatial gaps in global biodiversity Information and the role of citizen science. Bioscience 66(5): 393–400. https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biw022

Dicks, L.V., Wright, H.L., Ashpole, J.E., Hutchison, J., McCormack, C.G., Livoreil, B., Zulka, K.P. & Sutherland, W.J. (2016) What works in conservation? Using expert assessment of summarised evidence to identify practices that enhance natural pest control in agriculture. Biodiversity and Conservation 25: 1383-1399. DOI: 10.1007/s10531-016-1133-7

Mukherjee, N., Dicks, L.V., Shackelford, G.E., Vira, B. & Sutherland, W.J. (2016) Comparing groups versus individuals in decision making: a systematic review protocol. Environmental Evidence 5: 19. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13750-016-0066-7

Mupepele, A-C., Walsh, J.C., Sutherland, W.J. & Dormann, C.F. 2016. An evidence assessment tool for ecosystem services and conservation studies. Ecological Applications 26: 1295-1301.  https://doi.org/10.1890/15-0595 

Santangeli, A., Arroyo, B., Dicks, L.V., Herzon, I., Kukkala, A.S., Sutherland, W.J., Moilanen, A. (2016) Voluntary non-monetary approaches for implementing conservation. Biological Conservation 197: 209-214. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2016.03.013

2015

Jones A.C., Mead A., Kaiser M.J., Austen M.C.V., Adrian A.W., Auchterlonie N.A., Black K.D., Blow L.R., Bury C., Brown J.H., Burnell G.A., Connolly E., Dingwall A., Derrick S., Eno N.C., Gautier D.J.H., Green K.A., Gubbins M., Hart P.R., Holmyard J.M., Immink A.J., Jarrad D.J., Katoh E., Langley J.C.R., Lee D. O’C., LeVay L., Leftwich C.P., Mitchell M., Moore A.P., Murray A.G., McLaren E.M.R., Norbury H., Parker D., Parry S.O., Purchase D., Rahman A., Sanver F., Siggs M., Simpson S.D., Slaski R.J., Smith K., Syvret M. LeQ., Tibbot C., Thomas P.C., Turnbull J., Whiteley R., Whittles M., Wilcockson M.J., Wilson J., Dicks L.V., & Sutherland W.J. (2015) Prioritisation of knowledge-needs for sustainable aquaculture: a national and global perspective. Fish and Fisheries 16: 668-683. https://doi.org/10.1111/faf.12086

Hopkins J., Ockendon N. & Sutherland W.J. (2015) Our mission to transform conservation practiceConservation Evidence 12: 1.

Mukherjee, N., Hugé, J., Sutherland, W.J., McNeill, J., Van Opstal, M., Dahdouh-Guebas, F. & Koedam, N. (2015) The Delphi technique in ecology and biological conservation: applications and guidelines. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 6: 1097-1109. https://doi.org/10.1111/2041-210X.12387

Smith, R.K., Dicks, L.V. & Sutherland, W.J. (2015) Scientific evidence to address priority knowledge needs for sustainable agriculture. University of Cambridge, UK.

Spooner F., Smith R.K. & Sutherland W.J. (2015) Trends, biases and effectiveness in reported conservation interventionsConservation Evidence 12: 2-7.

Walsh, J.C., Dicks, L.V. & Sutherland, W.J. (2015) The effect of scientific evidence on conservation practitioners’ management decisions. Conservation Biology 29: 88-98. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12370

2014

Dicks, L.V., Hodge, I., Randall, N., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Siriwardena, G.M., Smith, H.G., Smith, R.K. & Sutherland, W.J. (2014) A transparent process for ‘evidence‐informed’ policy making. Conservation Letters 7: 119-125. https://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12046

Dicks, L. V., Walsh, J. C. & Sutherland, W. J. (2014) Organising evidence for environmental management decisions: a “4S” hierarchy. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 29: 607-613.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2014.09.004

Hoffmann, A., Penner, J., Cramer, W., Doubleday, R., Henle, K.,  Kuhn, I., Kunin, W.E., Negro, J.J., Penev, L., Rodriguez, C., Saarenmaa, H., Schmeller, D.S., Stoev, P., Sutherland, W.J., Tuama, E.O., Wetzel, F. & Hauser, C.L. (2014) Improved access to integrated biodiversity data for science, practice, and policy - the European Biodiversity Observation Network (EU BON). Nature Conservation 6: 49-65. http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/natureconservation.6.6498

Moilanen,A., Laitila, J., Vaahtoranta, T., Dicks, L.V. & Sutherland, W.J. (2014) Structured analysis of conservation strategies applied to temporary conservation. Biological Conservation 170: 188-197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2014.01.001

Pe'er, G., Dicks, L.V., Visconti, P., Arlettaz, R., Báldi, A., Benton, T.G., Collins, S., Dieterich, M., Gregory, R.D., Hartig, F., Henle, K., Hobson, P.R., Kleijn, D., Neumann, R.K., Robijns, T., Schmidt, J., Shwartz, A., Sutherland, W.J., Turbé, A., Wulf, F. & Scott, A.V. (2014)  EU agricultural reform fails on biodiversity. Science 344: 1090-1092. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1253425

Smith R.K., Dicks L.V., Mitchell R. & Sutherland W.J. (2014) Comparative effectiveness research: the missing link in conservationConservation Evidence 11: 2-6.

Sutherland, W. J., Gardner, T., Bogich, T. L.,  Bradbury, R. B., Clothier, B., Jonsson, M., Kapos, V., Lane, S. N., Möller, I., Schroeder, M., Spalding, M., Spencer, T., White, P. C. L. & Dicks, L.V. (2014) Solution ccanning as a key policy tool: Identifying management interventions to help maintain and enhance Rrgulating ecosystem services. Ecology and Society 19: 3.   http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-06082-190203

Sutherland, W.J., Gardner, T.A., Haider, J. & Dicks, L.V. (2014) How can local and traditional knowledge be effectively incorporated into international assessments? Oryx 48: 1-2. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605313001543

Sutherland, W.J., Smith, R.K., Mitchell, R. & Dicks, L.V. (2014) Introduction of short communications in the Conservation Evidence journal. Conservation Evidence 11: 1.

2013

Amano, T. & Sutherland, W .J. (2013) Four barriers to the global understanding of biodiversity conservation: wealth, language, geographical location and security. Proc. R. Soc. B. 280: 20122649. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2012.2649

Dicks, L.V., Abrahams, A., Atkinson, J., Biesmeijer, J.C., Bourn, N., Brown, C., Brown, M., Carvell, C., Connolly, C., Cresswell, J., Croft, P., Darvill, B., de Zylva, P., Effingham, P., Fountain, M., Goggin, A., Harding, D., Harding, T., Hartfield, C., Heard, M.S., Heathcote, R., Heaver, D., Holland, J., Howe, M., Hughes, B., Huxley, T., Kunin, W.E., Little, J., Mason, C., Memmott, J., Osborne, J., Pankhurst, T., Paxton, R.J., Pocock, M., Potts, S.G., Power, E., Raine, N. Ranelagh, E., Roberts, S., Saunders, R., Smith, K., Smith, R.M., Sutton, P., Tilley, L., Tinsley, A., Tonhasca, A., Vanbergen, A.J., Webster, S., Wilson, A., Sutherland, W.J. (2013) Identifying key knowledge needs for evidence-based conservation of wild insect pollinators: a collaborative cross-sectoral exercise. Insect Conservation and Diversity 6: 435-446. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-4598.2012.00221.x

Dicks, L.V., Bardgett, R.D., Bell, J., Benton, T.G., Booth, A., Bouwman, J., Brown, C., Bruce, A., Burgess, P.J., Butler, S.J., Crute, I., Dixon, F., Drummond, C., Freckleton, R.P., Gill, M., Graham, A., Hails, R.S., Hallett, J., Hart, B., Hillier, J.G., Holland, J.M., Huxley, J.N., Ingram, J.S.I., King, V., MacMillan, T., McGonigle, D.F., McQuaid, C., Nevard, T., Norman, S., Norris, K., Pazderka, C., Poonaji, I., Quinn, C.H., Ramsden, S.J., Sinclair, D., Siriwardena, G.M., Vickery, J.A., Whitmore, A.P., Wolmer, W. & Sutherland, W.J. (2013) What do we need to know to enhance the environmental sustainability of agricultural production? A prioritisation of knowledge needs for the UK food system. Sustainability 5: 3095-3115. https://doi.org/10.3390/su5073095

Ingram, J.S.I., Wright, H.L., Foster, L., Aldred, T., Barling, D., Benton, T.G., Berryman, P.M., Bestwick, C.S., Bows-Larkin, A., Brocklehurst, T.F., Buttriss, J., Casey, J., Collins, H., Crossley, D.S., Dolan, C.S., Dowler, E., Edwards, R., Finney, K.J., Fitzpatrick, J.L., Fowler, M., Garrett, D.A., Godfrey, J.E., Godley, A., Griffiths, W., Houlston, E.J., Kaiser, M.J., Kennard, R., Knox, J.W., Kuyk, A., Linter, B.R., Macdiarmid, J.I., Martindale, W., Mathers, J.C., McGonigle, D.F., Mead, A., Millar, S.J., Miller, A., Murray, C., Norton, I.T., Parry, S., Pollicino, M., Quested, T.E., Tassou, S., Terry, L.A., Tiffin, R., van de Graaf, P., Vorley, W., Westby, A. & Sutherland, W.J. (2013) Priority research questions for the UK food system. Food Security 5: 617-636. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-013-0294-4

Pullin, A.S., Sutherland, W.J., Gardner, T., Kapos, V. & Fa, J.E. (2013) Conservation priorities: Identifying need, taking action and evaluating success. In: MacDonald, D.W. & Willis, K.J. (Eds.) Key Topics in Conservation Biology 2. John Wiley & Sons: Oxford. pp. 3-22. DOI:10.1002/9781118520178

Redpath, S.M., Young, J., Evely, A., Adams, W.M., Sutherland, W.J., Whitehouse, A., Amar,A., Lambert, R., Linnell, J., Watt, A. & Gutièrrez, R.J. (2013) Biodiversity conservation conflicts: a roadmap to resolution.  Understanding and managing biodiversity conflicts?  Trends in Ecology and Evolution 28: 100-109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2012.08.021

Sutherland, W.J. (2013) Evidence-based fields should pollinate one another. Research Fortnight 420: 22.

Sutherland W.J., Mitchell R, Walsh J., Amano T., Ausden M., Beebee T.J.C., Bullock D., Daniels M., Deutsch J., Griffiths R.A., Prior S. V., Whitten T. & Dicks L.V. (2013) Conservation practice could benefit from routine testing and publication of management outcomesConservation Evidence 10: 1-3.

2012

Sutherland, W.J. & Freckleton, R.P. (2012) Making predictive ecology more relevant to policy makers and practitioners. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 367: 322-330. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2011.0181

Sutherland W.J., Mitchell R. & Prior S. V. (2012) The role of 'Conservation Evidence' in improving conservation managementConservation Evidence 9: 1-2.

2011

Dicks, L & Sutherland, W.J. (2011) Evidence-based conservation on farmland – making it possibleIn Practice 71: 16-18.

Smith, R.K., Pullin, A.S., Stewart, G.B. & Sutherland, W.J. (2011) Is nest predator exclusion an effective strategy for enhancing bird populations? Biological Conservation 144: 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2010.05.008

Sutherland, W.J., Goulson, D., Potts, S.G. & Dicks, L.V. (2011) Quantifying the impact and relevance of scientific research. PLoS ONE 6(11): e27537. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027537

Sutherland, W.J. & Peel, M.J.S. (2011) Benchmarking as a means of improving conservation practice. Oryx 45: 56-59. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605310000852

2010

Milner-Gulland, E.J., Fisher, M., Browne, S., Redford, K.H., Spencer M., & Sutherland W. J. (2010) Do we need to develop a more relevant conservation literature? Oryx 44: 1-2. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605309991001

Smith, R.K., Pullin, A.S., Stewart, G.B. & Sutherland, W.J. (2010) The effectiveness of predator removal for enhancing bird populations: a systematic review. Conservation Biology 24: 820-829. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01421.x

Stewart, G.B. Bayliss, H.R. Showler, D.A. Sutherland, W.J. & Pullin, A.S. (2009) Effectiveness of engineered in-stream structure mitigation measures for increasing salmonid abundance: a systematic review. Ecological Application 19: 931-941. https://doi.org/10.1890/07-1311.1

Sutherland, W,J., Armstrong, D., Butchart, S.H.M., Earnhardt, J., Ewen, J., Jamieson, I., Jones, C.G., Lee, R., Newbery, P., Nichols, J.D., Parker, K. A., Sarrazin, F., Seddon, P., Shah, N. & Tatayah, V. (2010) Standards for documenting and monitoring bird reintroduction projects. Conservation Letters 3: 229-235. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-263X.2010.00113.x

2009

Catry, I., Alcazar, R., Franco, A.M.A. & Sutherland, W.J. (2009) Identifying the effectiveness and constraints of conservation interventions: A case study of the endangered lesser kestrel Biological Conservation 142: 2782-2791. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2009.07.011

Stewart, G.B., Bayliss, H.R., Showler, D.A., Sutherland, W.J. & Pullin, A.S. (2009) Effectiveness of engineered in-stream structure mitigation measures for increasing salmonid abundance: a systematic review. Ecological Applications 19: 931–941. https://doi.org/10.1890/07-1311.1

2007

Stewart, G.B., Bayliss, H.R., Showler, D.A., Sutherland, W.J. & Pullin, A.S. (2007) What are the effect of Salmonid stocking in lakes on native fish populations and other fauna and flora? Collaboration for Environmental Evidence CEE Review 05-007: 1-57. www.environmentalevidence.org/SR13.html

2005

Sutherland, W.J. (2005). How can we make conservation more effective? Oryx 39: 1-2. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605305000013

Sutherland, W.J., Pullin, A.S., Dolman, P.M. & Knight, T.M. (2005) Response to Mathevet and Mauchamp: Evidence-based conservation: dealing with social issues. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 20: 424-425. DOI:10.1016/j.tree.2005.05.020

2004

Sutherland, W.J. Pullin, A.S. Dolman, P.M. & Knight, T.M. (2004) Mismatches between conservation science and practice. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 19: 565-566. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2004.09.008

Sutherland, W.J., Pullin, A.S., Dolman, P.M. & T.M. Knight (2004) The need for evidence-based conservation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 19: 305-308. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2004.03.018

2003

Kleijn, D. & Sutherland, W.J. (2003) How effective are European agri-environment schemes in conserving and promoting biodiversity? Journal of Applied Ecology 40: 947-969. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2003.00868.x

Sutherland, W.J. (2003) Evidence-based conservation. Conservation in Practice 4: 39-41. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1526-4629.2003.tb00068.x

2000

Sutherland, W.J. (2000) The Conservation Handbook: Research, Management and Policy. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific. pp. 296. DOI:10.1002/9780470999356 

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Popular articles

2020

Downey, H. (2020) Learning from the past to educate for the future: the need for evidence in conservation education programmes. Natterchat, Autumn 2020. 

Downey, H. (2020) A mammoth task: collating the evidence on what works in terrestrial mammal conservation. Mammal News, Summer 2020. 

Downey, H. (2020) Evidence-based decision making in conservation and land management: why it is important and how it can be done. Conservation Land Management 18: 14-19.

Rose, D., Burgman, M. & Sutherland, W.J. (2020) The civil service doesn't just need more scientists-it needs a decision-making revolution. LSE: Impact of Social Sciences Blog, January 2020. https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2020/01/28/the-civil-service-doesnt-just-need-more-scientists-it-needs-a-decision-making-revolution/

2019

Downey, H., Petrovan, S. & Sutherland W.J. (2019) A million papers: providing evidence to underpin SSC practice. IUCN SSC Quarterly Report, September 2019.  https://www.iucn.org/commissions/species-survival-commission/resources/ssc-quarterly-reports

Wordley, C. (2019) On a wing and a prayer? Evidence for ways to conserve bats (commentary). Mongabay: Conservation Effectiveness Series, April 2019.  https://news.mongabay.com/2019/04/on-a-wing-and-a-prayer-evidence-for-ways-to-conserve-bats-commentary/

Wordley, C. (2019) A call to wings. ConservationBytes.com, March 2019. https://conservationbytes.com/2019/03/19/a-call-to-wings/

Wordley, C. (2019) https://www.eurobats.org/node/1605 (No longer available online)

Wordley, C. (2019) Guest blog - Swift starter kits. Mark Avery Blog, March 2019. https://markavery.info/2019/03/29/guest-blog-6/

Wordley, C. (2019) Bats about evidence. Australasian Bat Society. http://ausbats.org.au/bats-about-evidence/4594569570

2018

Wordley, C. (2018) What works in conservation 2018. ConservationBytes.com, May 2018. https://conservationbytes.com/2018/05/23/what-works-in-conservation-2018/

Wordley, C. (2018) Making the most of conservation science (commentary). Mongabay, May 2018. http:// https://news.mongabay.com/2018/05/making-the-most-of-conservation-science-commentary/

Wordley, C. (2018) Guest blog - Evidence, experts and effectiveness in conservation. Mark Avery Blog, May 2018. https://markavery.info/2018/05/23/guest-blog-by-claire-wordesley/

Wordley, C. (2018) How effective is environmental restoration? – Audio. Mongabay, March 2018. https://news.mongabay.com/2018/03/audio-how-effective-is-environmental-restoration/

Wordley, C. (2018) Restoration revisited. Rewildling Europe, March 2018. https://www.rewildingeurope.com/blog/restoration-revisited/

Wordley, C. (2018) Restoring optimism. Conservation Optimism: Our Blog, March 2018. https://conservationoptimism.org/restoring-optimism/

Wordley, C. (2018) Restoration optimism: Bringing nature back (commentary). Mongabay: Conservation Effectiveness Series, Feb 2018. https://news.mongabay.com/2018/02/restoration-optimism-bringing-nature-back-commentary/

Wordley, C. (2018) Bring it back. ConservationBytes.com, Feb 2018. https://conservationbytes.com/2018/02/13/bring-it-back/

Wordley, C. (2018) The beauty in the bog. The Freshwater Blog, February 2018. https://freshwaterblog.net/2018/02/14/the-beauty-in-the-bog/

Wordley, C. (2018) Moor evidence than ever. CIEEM news, Feb 2018. https://www.cieem.net/news/463/moor-evidence-than-ever (No longer available online)

2017

Wordley, C. (2017) Monkey business: Building a global database of primate conservation studies (commentary). Mongabay, December 2017. https://news.mongabay.com/2017/12/monkey-business-building-a-global-database-of-primate-conservation-studies-commentary/

Wordley, C. (2017) Giving a monkey’s about primate conservation. ConservationBytes.com, December 2017. https://conservationbytes.com/2017/12/12/giving-a-monkeys-about-primate-conservation/

Wordley, C. (2017) Keeping lions from livestock - building fences can save lives. ConservationBytes.com, June 2017. https://conservationbytes.com/2017/06/23/keeping-lions-from-livestock-building-fences-can-save-lives/

Wordley, C. (2017) What works in conservation? International Association for Landscape Ecology, Spring 2017 Newsletter. http://iale.uk/what-works-conservation

Wordley, C. (2017) What works in conservation. Dr James Borrell Blog, Feb 2017. http://www.jamesborrell.com/a-post-post-truth-world-evidence-and-conservation-in-2017/

Wordley, C. (2017) Do you know what works in conservation? NBN Blogs, January 2017. https://nbn.org.uk/blogs/know-works-conservation/

Wordley, C. (2017) The evidence strikes back - what works 2017. ConservationBytes.com, January 2017. https://conservationbytes.com/2017/01/16/the-evidence-strikes-back-what-works-2017/

Wordley, C. (2017) What works in conservation? Sex & Bugs & Rock ‘n Roll: Bite-sized ecology A-Z. https://festivalbugs.wordpress.com/more-ecology/bite-sized-ecology-a-z/what-works-in-conservation/

Wordley, C. (2017) Prism: evaluation toolkit. https://conservationevaluation.org/ 

2016

Wordley, C. (2016) Battling the seven-headed hydra: Crassula control in Europe. ConservationBytes.com, November 2016. https://conservationbytes.com/2016/11/08/battling-the-seven-headed-hydra-crassula-control-in-europe/

Wordley, C. (2016) Invasion of the swamp monster. The Freshwater Blog, November 2016. https://freshwaterblog.net/2016/11/09/invasion-of-the-swamp-monster-conservation-evidence-crassula/

Wordley, C. (2016) Seeing the wood for the trees. ConservationBytes.com, July 2016. https://conservationbytes.com/2016/07/11/seeing-the-wood-for-the-trees/

Wordley, C. (2016) AEWA Launches New Partnership with Conservation Evidence. http://www.unep-aewa.org/en/news/aewa-launches-new-partnership-conservation-evidence

Wordley, C. (2016) What is Conservation Evidence? http://www.unep-aewa.org/en/species/conservation-evidence

Wordley, C. (2016) What works in freshwater conservation? The Freshwater Blog, August 2016. https://freshwaterblog.net/2016/08/16/what-works-in-freshwater-conservation/

2010

Dicks, L. (2010) Translating ecology for the real world. BES Bulletin 41(4): 48-50.

2012

Smith, R.K. (2012) Amphibian conservation – call for evidence. Froglog 20(4) Issue 103: 4. 

Smith, R.K. (2012) Amphibian conservation – call for evidence. The Canadian Herpetologist 2(2), Fall 2012.

2013

Smith, R.K. (2013) Evidence for amphibian conservation: a global synopsis. Froglog 21(2) Issue 106: 19. 

2014

Smith, R.K. (2014) Now available: synopsis of evidence on global amphibian conservation. Froglog 22(1) Issue 109: 14-15.

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Written by others about Conservation Evidence

Listed below is a selection of articles which cite our work or which have been written about Conservation Evidence by other people and organisations.

Frick, W.F., Kingston, T., Flanders, J. (2020) A review of the major threats and challenges to global bat conservation. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci 1469(1): 5-25. https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.14045

Navarro, C. et al. (2020) Méthodes d’expertise: comment les utiliser ? Expertise et synthèse. Paris, France: FRB, 104 p.

Evans, A.J., Firth, L.B., Hawkins, S.J., Halle, A.E., Ironside, J.E., Thompson, R.C. & Moore, PJ. (2019) From ocean sprawl to blue-green infrastructure - A UK perspective on an issue of global significance. Environmental Science and Policy 91: 60-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2018.09.008

Godet, L. & Devictor, V. (2018) What conservation does. Trends in Ecology & Evolution October 2018, Vol. 33(10): 720-730. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2018.07.004

Hill, C. (2018) Farmland pollinator declines can be reversed, UEA expert tells farmers. Eastern Daily Press, 15 February 2018.

Hart, K., Mottershead, D., Tucker, G., Underwood, E., Maréchal, A., Menet, L., et.al. (2017) Evaluation study of the payment for agricultural practices beneficial for the climate and the environment. Final Report. European Commission. Alliance Environnement and the Thünen Institute, Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. DOI: 10.2762/71725

IUCN (2017) Maximise the impact of your research with Conservation Evidence. IUCN Peatland Programme news, September 2017.

IUCN-SSC Species Conservation Planning Sub-Committee (2017) Guidelines for Species Conservation Planning. Version 1.0. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. xiv + 114 pp. https://doi.org/ 10.2305/IUCN.CH.2017.18.en

O’Brien, D., Mackey, E. & Thompson, D. (2017) Evidence complacency hampers conservation. SNH Science Newsletter, Issue 21, September 2017.

British Ecological Society (2016) The Future of the Natural Environment after the EU Referendum inquiry: A response from the British Ecological Society to the Environmental Audit Committee Inquiry. 9 September 2016.

European Commission (2016) Nudging may be better than shoving: voluntary non-monetary approaches to conservation. Science for Environment Policy Issue 460, 24 June 2016, European Commission DG Environment News Alert Service, edited by SCU, The University of the West of England, Bristol.

Gaworecki, M. (2016) Putting the ‘evidence’ in evidence-based forest conservation. Mongabay, July 2016. https://news.mongabay.com/2016/07/putting-the-evidence-in-evidence-based-forest-conservation/

IUCN-SSC (2016) What works in conservation? IUCN-SSC Species e-bulletin, February 2016 (No longer available online)

Chaplin, S. (2015) Summary of evidence: Land management. Natural England Access to Evidence Information Note EIN008, First edition 10 March 2015.

McAney, K. & Hanniffy, R. (2015) The Vincent Wildlife Trust’s Irish bat box schemes. The Vincent Wildlife Trust, UK Report. https://www.vincentwildlife.ie/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/Ireland-Bat-Box-Project-Report-WEB.pdf

Mitchell, C. (2015) What works in conservation? Update - SNH Staff Newsletter, October 2015.

Yorke, R. (2015) Game cuckoos. Rob Yorke Blog, September 2015. https://robyorke.co.uk/2015/09/game-cuckoos/

DEFRA (2014) A consultation on the National Pollinator Strategy: for bees and other pollinators in England. DEFRA, March 2014.

DEFRA (2014) Supporting document to the National Pollinator Strategy: for bees and other pollinators in England. DEFRA, November 2014.

Department of Conservation (2014) Improvements to Biodiversity Assets Systems and Processes Report DOCDM-1469886: Final Version 1.0. September 2014. New Zealand Dept of Conservation.

Fuller, R.A., Lee, J.R. & Watson, J.E.M. (2014) Achieving open access to conservation science. Conservation Biology 28(6): 1550-1557. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12346

Moses, K. (2013) RSPB urges British public to create 1m 'homes for nature'. The Guardian, June 2013. http://m.guardian.co.uk/environment/2013/jun/20/rspb-homes-for-nature

Scottish Government (2013) Consultation on Scotland Rural Development Programme (SRDP) 2014 – 2020: Stage 2: Final Proposals, published 11 Dec 2013.

Stowe, T. (2013) How to save birds – Review, Bird conservation: Global evidence for the effects of interventions. Birdwatch, July 2013, Number 253, p56. https://www.birdguides.com/information/about-birdwatch-magazine/

Thompson, K. (2013) What can I do to help the birds in my garden? Telegraph, February 2013. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/gardening/gardeningadvice/9824775/What-can-I-do-to-help-the-birds-in-my-garden.html

FAO (2012) Progress on the International Initiative for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Pollinators: UNEP/CBD/COP/11/INF/29. Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, Eleventh meeting, Hyderabad, India, 8-19 October 2012. www.fao.org/3/a-ax871e.pdf

RSPB (2012) Habitat management news. British Wildlife, June 2012, p324-325.

The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (2011) Evidence-based conservation. POSTNote Number 379, June 2011. https://post.parliament.uk/research-briefings/post-pn-379/

Langley, N. (2010) Looking at the evidence. Birdlife World BirdWatch, March 2010, p16-18.

Pople, R. (2009) A scheme for sharing conservation experience. BTO News, March 2009, p7.

DEFRA (date unknown) Agriculture: Tailored advice on managing land for pollinators. DEFRA Info Sheet.

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What Works in Conservation

What Works in Conservation provides expert assessments of the effectiveness of actions, based on summarised evidence, in synopses. Subjects covered so far include amphibians, birds, terrestrial mammals, forests, peatland and control of freshwater invasive species. More are in progress.

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