Introduce or enforce legislation to prevent ponds and streams from being contaminated by toxins
Overall effectiveness category No evidence found (no assessment)
Number of studies: 0
Background information and definitions
Contamination of ponds and streams by toxins can reduce the availability of prey and cause the build-up of toxins in the food chain. Toxic heavy metals have been found in high concentrations in bats (Zukal et al 2015), although little is known about the long-term impacts.
Zukal J., Pikula J. & Bandouchova H. (2015) Bats as bioindicators of heavy metal pollution: history and prospect. Mammalian Biology - Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde, 80, 220–227.