Convert to organic agriculture or aquaculture near peatlands
Overall effectiveness category No evidence found (no assessment)
Number of studies: 0
Background information and definitions
Organic farming avoids the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, instead relying on crop rotation, locally adapted crops/livestock, biological pest control and natural on-site fertilizers such as manure (European Commission 2017). If these principles are applied on terrestrial farms or in aquaculture systems close to peatlands, spillover of pollutants into peatlands may be reduced.
This section considers the overall effect of organic vs conventional farming on peatland vegetation. Organic farming may benefit biodiversity in general (Dicks et al. 2013), as well as reducing spillover of chemicals on to peatlands.
Key peatland types for which this action may be appropriate: bogs, fens/fen meadows, tropical peat swamps.
Related actions: retain or create buffer zones between pollution source (e.g. agricultural land) and peatland); reduce amount of fertilizer or herbicide used near peatlands; manage fertilizer or herbicide application near peatlands, such as when or how they are applied.
Dicks L.V., Ashpole J.E., Dänhardt J., James K., Jönsson A., Randall N., Showler D.A., Smith R.K., Turpie S., Williams D. & Sutherland W.J. (2013) Farmland Conservation: Evidence for the Effects of Interventions in Northern and Western Europe. Pelagic Publishing, Exeter.
European Commission (2017) What is Organic Farming? Available at http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/organic/organic-farming/what-is-organic-farming. Accessed 1 August 2017.