Create buffer zones beside roads and other transportation corridors
Overall effectiveness category No evidence found (no assessment)
Number of studies: 0
Background information and definitions
Creating buffer zones adjacent to roads and other transportation corridors has been suggested as a way to reduce their impact on surrounding habitats (Spellerberg, 1998). Creating buffer zones increases the distances between roads and adjacent habitat. In particular buffer zones may help to reduce the inputs of pollutants from vehicle exhausts to nutrient-poor shrubland ecosystems (Angold 1997, Milton et al. 2015).
Angold, P. G. (1997). The impact of a road upon adjacent heathland vegetation: effects on plant species composition. Journal of Applied Ecology, 409-417.
Milton S.J., Dean R.J., Sielecki L.E. & van der Ree R. (2015) The function and management of roadside vegetation. Pages 373-382 In: der Ree R., Smith D. J., & Grilo C. (eds). Handbook of road ecology. John Wiley & Sons.
Spellerberg, I. A. N. (1998). Ecological effects of roads and traffic: a literature review. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 7(5), 317-333.